Sunday, February 23, 2020

Revenue Management in Restaurants Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

Revenue Management in Restaurants - Essay Example By calculating factors such as length-of-stay, accessibility and overbooking, revenue management practices can add to revenue, efficiency and property valuation for hotels by growing length of stay and check supply and demand to influence offered rates (Andersen, P. and Bowe, V. 2000). Nowadays McDonald's operates in the global quick service restaurant manufacturing trade. McDonald's was the lead the way of this trade and it was McDonald's which made the quick service restaurant commerce a worldwide industry by creating a enormous global profitable empire. At present McDonald's ranks 114th in the list of luck 500 companies and thanks to its ground-breaking dispensation and standardized approach to the profitable production of fast food, McDonald's has placed the quick service restaurant business between the big financial driving force industries such as steel and vehicle. According to the expert analysis Raymond Kroc the founder of McDonald's had the dream of a sequence of fast food restaurants in each American State and in the earth as well. No doubt, he wanted his fast food restaurants to serve excellence food according to permanent standards and requirement. When Kroc ongoing business in 1955 there were other well recognized fast food chains in United States, in the middle of the most extensively known were A&W, Dairy Queen, Tastee -Freez, and Big Boy, Burger King then recognized as InstaBurger King was just preliminary out. There were lots of things which alienated McDonald's from its rivals. No doubt, Raymond Kroc's goal was to make world wide fast food chain while the rest of the main fast food chains were not so excited about growth. Other fast food chains which function on a franchise basis viewed their operators as customers and only reaped benefits without providing much leadership relating to operation, endorsement, sales strategy, financi ng and food dispensation. Raymond Kroc comprehensive his hands to operators of permission McDonald's restaurants by extravagance them like do business partners in each respect of the business. These close associations with operators make sure that McDonald's restaurants in any State in the United States would dish up food according to fixed requirement and amount. Furthermore, Raymond Kroc did more than by just give recommendation regarding procedure management him allowable his operators to work out their innovative skills connecting to every feature of the franchise trade. McDonald's had set new principles for the fast food manufacturing by selling a recognized service not just original food recipes and formulas. (Greatest Business Stories of All Times) Revenue Management in Restaurants According to the expert analysis the nature of the restaurant industry, typify by many self-governing minute businesses as well as a few nationwide and international enterprises in a usually competitive environment, makes the application of revenue management, on the whole, additional problematical than in the airline and hotel sectors. Additional, adjusting the excellence of the product, and hence price levels, is much easier than for airlines and hotels. Against that, the vast preponderance of restaurants

Friday, February 7, 2020

World Conflict Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words

World Conflict - Essay Example on September 9, 2001 (now on the lips as 9/11 attack). As a part of the cold war going on, the soviets feared that Afghanistan was being eyed by the U.S. as a stand point from where it can threaten Soviet Union's mainland. Hence, reacting to this fear, the soviet army in 1979 moved with all the arms and ammunition into afghan land. The soviets were trying to force communism on the people of Afghanistan (in their bid to clear the region from any chance of it becoming U.S. military base that can pose threat to them. But the Afghans with America's support of heavy artillery and millions of dollar funding fought back. The financial help from America was to ensure that without its direct intervention, the afghan mujahideen (who have a historic track record of fighting continuously and fiercely till death for their homeland are well equipped against the technologically advanced soviet tanks and fighter planes. American troops were not involved in this war (Meher, page 122) The American support came in disguise through other Islamic countries like Saudi Arabia and Pakistan (Meher, page 199) etc because the direct intervention of America could trigger the next world war. The afghan jihads resisted the soviets well above the expectation of U.S. which was matching their performance with ever increasing million dollars each year. Now with the initial strong opening to the war from the Afghans, the next step was to make the war sustainable from Afghanistan side. For that to happen, more and more Muslim volunteer jihadis were required to pick up arms and fight. The funding helped to create madrassas (Muslim schools of Islam thought) which noticed Muslims turning up in large numbers and soon they were prepared with enough expertise to wage war. It was in these madrassas that Osama Bin Laden came to work as a volunteer in the war. Osama was Saudi national and with him brought big money as well and started helping the cause by working in construction purposes and in medical aid. The madrassas were established in the border region s between Pakistan and Afghanistan which in the future will give birth to "Taliban". Taliban and Al Qaeda were unitedly involved during post soviet war. And both became anti America after America withdrew funding and humanitarian aid. The soviets after suffering devastation and persistent resistance from the afghan fighters went into huge military losses of men and arms. At the end of war (May88), the soviets were defeated and they started their return (Wright, page 129) which was complete in 89. Afghanistan won with a major help from U.S. and the cold war ended with the fall of communism. Afghanistan victory brought happiness to common people who were the innocent victims in the war. However, immediately after the war the United States lost its interest in the region and avoided even any humanitarian policy toward the victims of soviet-afghan war and those of the civil war that followed because of lack of any established government rule. In result, lawlessness prevailed and whole o f the Afghanistan went into another fight, this time intra-nation. Seeing such an acrimonious act of denial, the people of Afghanistan and the

Wednesday, January 29, 2020

The image of fish Essay Example for Free

The image of fish Essay Kevin Roberts uses the image of fish in both his poems – Skating Down Trout and A Fish Too Big – to explore existential anguish in the point of view of the water creatures. In both poems, the fishes were presented as living in some kind of prison – the trout in Skating Down was walled beneath ice, while the Arwanna at A Fish Too Big could barely move inside the enclosed aquarium. Although Roberts used fishes in both poems, he evoked different speculations about life drawing from the reactions of the fishes to their situations. In the first poem, the objective reality was that the trout were living beneath the ice, and were safe against hunters who wish to make them dinner. The trout do not know that the ice functions like a shield to protect them from danger. Down there, nothing can touch them as long as the ice stands between the shadows and danger (lines 13-18). But the trout are easily scared, and their fears get the better of them – driven by forms only the fish makes substance until in panic at the hiss and whir of the steel blades it runs defeats itself – they end up driving the nails to their own coffin, prized catch to the hunters. If only the trout had more faith in their own environment where they had managed to survive for so long, then perhaps they would still be alive. They created their own deaths by giving in to their fears. On the other hand, the Arwanna in A Fish Too Big is opposite. The Arwanna was depicted as too big for its aquarium that it has no room to move anymore, a prisoner behind glass. The Arwanna The Arwanna could easily leap out or break its aquarium if it wanted to because of its sheer size, but the Arwanna accepts it fate and stays calm. If it chooses to move about and free itself from its cage, then the Arwanna will undoubtedly die. And so the Arwanna chooses to stay still, as the Thais say in lines 31-32: †¦ what can you do / without fate chance luck. It seems that the Arwanna has indeed accepted its situation, and have given up. What it needed was fate, or chance, or luck, to be able to get out of the situation. It sends an indirect statement saying that there is very little we can do about what happens to us; that in the end, death is a looming inevitability, and what one can do is live the life given to it before death comes knocking at one’s door. The last three lines And what can the fish or I do / about our own shrinking / glass cage of flesh? sums up the existential anguish the speaker is experiencing. The speaker was watching the Arwanna the whole time but was subconsciously relating himself to the fish, finding himself trapped with nowhere to go and nothing to do but wait for impending death stuck in his situation. However, there is a sense of peace as compared to the first poem. For in the first poem, the trout faced no real danger but because of its restlessness and fear ended up dead. But its fear is not without reason: they were being hunted. In contrast, although there was no aggressive hunter about to kill the Arwanna, the fish faced a terrible situation – it was caged and could not move, but if it tried to it will face death outside its prison. The main difference between the two was that the Arwanna has accepted its life and lived a life of calm, whereas the trout lived a life of fear. Roberts used the image of fish in both his poems, but he to different effects. The trout lived in an environment where they were hunted, but could easily escape its hunters by staying deep in the water. The Arwanna had no choice but to breathe inside its cell, or choose death. Even so, the trout who had more freedom than the Arwanna dived in to its demise because of its recklessness, because it let fear consume it.

Monday, January 20, 2020

Career Profile: Advertising Executive Essay -- Careers Jobs Marketing

Career Profile Task The career that I have chosen to profile is that of an Advertising Executive. Advertising professionals combine creativity with sound business sense to market a product based on financial, sociological, and psychological research. To ensure this complicated process works smoothly, advertisers spend a lot of time in the office (a six-day week is not unusual). Most of their time is spent brainstorming, creative blockbusting, and sifting through demographic research; less time is spent meeting with clients or pitching advertising campaigns. Fluidity of daily activity marks the life of the advertising executive who jumps from project to project. It takes a very disciplined person to handle both the creative end and the detail-oriented side. Advertising executives work in teams on projects, so working with others is crucial; those who are successful have the ability to add to other people’s ideas and help them grow. The need to be flexible can not be emphasized enough. As a number of large players in the industry move toward â€Å"computer-based brainstorming,†-a way in which creative ideas are kept in a fluid database without regard to account specificity-computer skills will become more valuable. Like most project-oriented careers, you can expect periods of intense activity during which you have little, if any, free time. At other times, the workload is light and mundane. Education / Training Requirements High-school preparation: Take lots of English courses. Any other writing-intensive courses are good as well. If your high school offers courses that will teach you how to use computer programs or, even better, how to create computer-based graphic art, take them, too. You'll probably be required to take a foreign language in college if you choose to major in Advertising. Plan accordingly. Lastly, and perhaps most importantly, Advertising majors almost universally involve some fairly challenging statistics courses. Consequently, if you ignore math in high school, you'll be in for a rude awakening. Degrees Possibly Required:  ·Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Degree in Internet Marketing  ·Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Degree in Marketing and/or Business Administration  ·Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Journalism and/or editorial experience would be an asset  ·Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  BA/BS  ·Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Other specific degrees in relation to the type of advertising. (Example: Internet Advertising = Degree in Internet Advertising Skills... to make it better. I tell my family and friends about my ideas, and they love them! If I had an advertising account to complete, and I had a team of skilled designers, and conceptualists, I know that I could do the job pretty darn good. It takes an outgoing, creative, social, skilled person who likes to, and can work with others collaborating thoughts and ideas, to be an advertiser. Through all of my personality tests and self-evaluations, I have come to the conclusion that I am almost perfect for this job. I have an outgoing personality, I am creative, I enjoy working with others, I love creating great humour, and I LOVE designing things. I am also somewhat skilled at selling products and ideas, as well as negotiating (this must be hereditary, as my mother is blessed in this area). Bibliography: (March 2). Monster Job Search Website. [Online]. Available: (March 3). Career Builder. [Online]. Available: (March 3). [Online]. Available: (March 4). Google. [Online]. Available: (March 6). The Princeton Review. [Online]. Available:

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Reflections in Westminster Abbey, by Joseph Addison

William Thackeray said of Joseph Addison that he â€Å"deserved as much love and esteem as can be justly claimed by any of our infirm and erring race. † Thomas Macaulay described Addison's periodical essays as â€Å"perhaps the finest . . . in the English language. † And Samuel Johnson characterized Addison's prose as â€Å"the model of the middle style; on grave subjects not formal, on light occasions not groveling. † Keep Johnson's observation in mind as you read â€Å"Reflections in Westminster Abbey,† which originally appeared in issue 26 of The Spectator, March 30, 1711. Addison died on June 17, 1719.He was buried in the north aisle of the Henry VII Chapel in Westminster Abbey. A century later a statue was erected in his honor in â€Å"the poetical quarter†Ã¢â‚¬â€œnow known as Poet's Corner. Reflections in Westminster Abbey by Joseph Addison When I am in a serious humor, I very often walk by myself in Westminster Abbey; where the gloominess of the place and the use to which it is applied, with the solemnity of the building and the condition of the people who lie in it, are apt to fill the mind with a kind of melancholy, or rather thoughtfulness, that is not disagreeable.I yesterday passed a whole afternoon in the churchyard, the cloisters, and the church, amusing myself with the tombstones and inscriptions that I met with in those several regions of the dead. Most of them recorded nothing else of the buried person but that he was born upon one day and died upon another; the whole history of his life being comprehended in those two circumstances that are common to all mankind.I could not but look upon these registers of existence, whether of brass or marble, as a kind of satire upon the departed persons who had left no other memorial of them but that they were born and that they died. They put me in mind of several persons mentioned in the battles of heroic poems, who have sounding names given them for no other reason but that they may be killed, and are celebrated for nothing but being knocked on the head. The life of these men is finely described in Holy Writ by â€Å"the Path of an Arrow,† which is immediately closed up and lost.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Gender Differences in Emotional Intelligence Within The STEM Sector - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 5 Words: 1598 Downloads: 8 Date added: 2019/05/06 Category Psychology Essay Level High school Tags: Emotional Intelligence Essay Did you like this example? ABSTRACT The study investigated the gender differences in emotional intelligence (EQ) within the STEM sector. 2,400 participants were taken in total from JCA Global with an age range from 10 to 59. An online Emotional Intelligence Profile (EIP) self-report questionnaire was set-up on JCA Hub and questionnaire links would be sent to JCA client or employees. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Gender Differences in Emotional Intelligence Within The STEM Sector" essay for you Create order For this study, I.V. would be emotional intelligence and D.V. would be gender difference. T-test would be used to analyse the data. Findings would show that there is no significant gender difference in emotional intelligence but there is a self-estimation bias as both genders indicated that males have higher EQ level compared to females. It would also be seen that EQ would be linked with positive aspects of an individual which would affect their performance in an organization. LITERATURE REVIEW In todays fast pacing contemporary world, changes are brought about in workplace due to due to factors like globalisation, diversity, a competitive advantage, and technological advancements. These challenges and the factors not only have an impact on the organisations themselves, but also have an enormous effect on the employees. An emotion does not only describe feelings but also has an impact on distinctive thoughts, biological states , moods, behavioural dispositions and actions. It can easily be affected by the environmental cues and can lead to both adaptive and destructive behaviour. Emotional Intelligence defines by how people manage and regulate their own emotions. It is a rapidly growing field in the literature, ranging from debate over whether EI is innate or learned, to the classification of specific behaviours that define EI.Maryam Meshkat (2017) conducted a study on undergraduate English majors of three Iranian Universities using Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory to in vestigate whether emotional intelligence depends on gender difference. Results showed that there was no significant difference between the genders for their overall score of emotional intelligence, but females had a higher emotional self-awareness, interpersonal relationship, social responsibility and empathy than males. On the other hand, males scored higher in self-regard, assertiveness, stress tolerance, impulse control and adaptability than women. Thus, women and men may differ on specific competencies. Moreover, it was also found that nature and nurture factors have resulted in different levels of EQ between genders. Kavana G. Venkatappa (2012) aimed to determine the gender differences in emotional intelligence among first years medical students. The findings showed that emotional intelligence was significantly high in females compared to males. It might be because women tend to be more emotionally expressive about their feelings and thus also tend to have better relationship s kills. It also indicated that certain areas in the brain linked with emotion can be larger in females than in men. Thus, this might influence their success in career and family life.3Furnham and Fong (2004) found that males usually estimated and rated their EQ higher than the females. While in the actual scores of EQ, it was found that females scored higher, particularly ?social skills than males, but there was no significant difference between genders. It indicates that it is important to study self-perceived traits and abilities as it helps one to gain an insight about themselves which raises their awareness. According to Petrides and Furnham (2000), it is essential for us to understand the gender differences in EQ as it can have an influence on health, education and psychotherapy. For example, having a higher EQ would related to positive psychological adjustment and self-esteem, whereas negative self-evaluation could be leading to depression. Furthermore, Elias et al compared the scores of the students for Mathematics and English. It was found that low academic achievers with high EQ had high self-esteem, high achievement motivation and high self-efficacy for the subject, whereas low academic achievers with low EQ had low scores of self-esteem, achievement motivation and self-efficacy. It has indicated the importance of EQs implications and effects.which can open new avenues of research.dont stop u can do it common. Matter of speed. You are sitting in the home whole day so you can do it! New day everyday. Whole day free better everyday is studying in the full speed now. Time doesnt wait for anyone.RESEARCH AIMSThe rationale for this study is that it is vital to understand the issues and misunderstandings of EQ so that it can also strengthens the previous researches on different context. Additionally, it helps to reduce its myths, biases and inaccurate self-evaluations . It delves a deeper understanding about the theory of reasons behind any differences and its applications. The study aimed to investigate the gender difference in emotional intelligence within the STEM sec tor. The first hypothesis would be that there is a significant difference between gender for EI. Second hypothesis is that factors revolving around self-estimation bias would be expected. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY ParticipantsThere were 2,436 participants were included in the sample. The target population consisted of JCA employees and clients within the STEM sector having the age range from 10 to 59, with a mean of and sd. From the total sample of 2400 participants, there were 1924 males and 508 females.4future tense any justification for any particular inclusion (or exclusion) criteria.DesignThe study implemented a non-experimental correlational design in which participants completed an Emotional Intelligence Profile (EIP) online questionnaire. For this study, I.V. would be emotional intelligence and D.V. would be gender difference. The study correlated scores for the two factors of emotional intelligence (personal and emotional) with scores for the three factors of trait with overarching scales of EIP (Attitude, Feeling, Behaviour scales). The University of Leicester ethically approved this study and JCA Global gave the permission to use their data set.type of design (e.g. between or within subjects, correlational, questionnaire etc.) The Emotional Intelligence Profile measures 16 dimensions of EI and was developed specifically for the workplace. The 16 scales of the EIP3 are structured within a six-part framework. It further divides into personal and interpersonal intelligence which will look at the three factors of trait (behaviour, feeling and attitude). It provides item-by-item analysis to pinpoint development opportunities and identifies personal blockers to performance which reduces the effect of response biases and thus bolstering the validity. Moreover, computer screens and Likert Scales was used. The sample in the published data represents everyone who classifies themselves as working within the Technology sector. The EIP tool was used itself to estimate the reliability of the study.You should include relevant questionnaires measure/schedule in the appendix need to mention. Where appropriate (i.e. if you are going to use a published measure, as opposed to constructing one yourself), include estimates of t he instruments reliability and validity, which may be taken from previous studies, or from handbooks which relate to the use of the measure;; Outline any potential difficulties or limitations associated with the use of the proposed materials.ProcedureParticipants were presented with the Emotional Intelligence Profile (EIP) online questionnaire through the distribution platform, called the JCA Hub. The questionnaire was a part of a MIE (Maximising Individual Effectiveness) programme or MLE (Maximising Leadership Effectiveness) programme or coaching the participants. The participants were sent an invitation to complete the EIP questionnaire via email. Moreover, questionnaire links would have either been sent out by a JCA employee or by5a JCA client themselves. Within the questionnaire invitation email there was a link to complete the questionnaire; as well as completion deadline details, information about the questionnaire itself, and contact information should they have questions. It told them to choose the answers that most accurately reflected their agreement or disagreement with statements. In the EIP, participants were presented with statements such as, Im usually able to control other people. They rated their response to these statements on a Likert scale of 1 to 5 with 1 being Strongly disagree and 5 being Strongly agree. Consent was assumed through completion of the questionnaire. Once participants have completed the questionnaire, they had the opportunity to review their answers before submitting. Finally, participants were asked to complete a demographics page, which asked for their age boundary and gender. A debrief was given face to face as part of a feedback session with an EIP trained consultant/coach or within a group feedback setting. Participants right to confidentiality and anonymity was maintained and protected. The experiment aimed at causing no physical or psychological harm to the participants and deception was avoided.remember to refer to any copies of relevant material in the appendix. tell the reader enough that they can replicate THE study not YOUR study. Data Analyses The scales of EIP which will be used to analyse the data are: Attitude Scale (Self Regard, Regard for Others), Feeling Scale (Self-Awareness, Awareness for others), Behaviour Scale divided into Self-Management (Emotional Resilience, Goal Directedness) and Relationship Management (Connecting with others, Trust, Emotional experience and controlled, Conflict Handling, and Independence). T tests would be used to analyse the results. The data of participants that did not complete every question of the study would be excluded from the analysis to gain a higher reliability. Cronbachs Alpha would judge the internal consistency of the questionnaires All statistical analysis, will be conducted using SPSS software and reported with a two-tailed level of significance with the alpha level set at .05, unless otherwise stated. All the scaled was measured using interval data and analysis was done using parametric tests.Ask poppy which analysis you she think would be appropriate to use. (correctional ) to analyse the results.statistical qualitative analyses you plan to use State which statistical analyses / qualitative analyses you will use and why they are appropriate. For example, if you plan to conduct an ANOVA, you could cover the fact you have parametric level data. See if can mention out outliers.

Friday, December 27, 2019

Choosing the Best Anti-Fouling Paint

The earliest anti-fouling systems consisted of two elements. The first was a metal scraper and the second was the lowest ranking sailor on the vessel. But seriously, the buildup of biological matter on the submerged hull is a huge problem for the material and for the efficiency of the vessel. The task of manually scraping bottoms was made much easier when sheet copper was fastened to the bottom of wooden hulled ships. Eventually the technology advanced to produce paint that held copper compounds and slowly released them into the environment. The next major breakthrough was tributyltin which worked very well but it was so toxic to the environment that it was banned three decades later. Improved copper based paints and non-copper alternatives are now available. In fact there are so many specialized paints it’s difficult to leave the copper behind to try something else. Why change? Well in some areas we are already seeing the signs that point to widespread bans. Northern Europe and the West Coast of the U.S. are phasing in bans in some areas and more will follow. Types of Anti-Fouling Paints Ablative Anti-Fouling Anti-fouling paints take different strategies to meet the goal of eliminating plant, animal, and algae growth on the wet parts of the hull. There are three common types of anti-foul available. The most common is ablative paint which wears away like a bar of soap. This soap analogy is very old but really works well for this type of paint. If you use your vessel regularly there should be no problem wearing away the growth. Seasonal boats that have long periods of disuse will not benefit as much of the cleaning takes place while underway. This paint works well since animals like the zebra mussel have difficulty finding a firm hold. They are generally pulled off as the vessel moves through the water. A moderate amount of maintenance is required for this coating since it must be applied to last until the next haul out. Large vessels that cannot be hauled should use a more durable paint. Copolymer Anti-Fouling Copolymers are much tougher than ablatives and don’t have some of the disadvantages of hard paints. They can be exposed to air during maintenance and not lose potency. There is also little chance of paint build up since copolymers are designed to ablate at a much slower rate than a true ablative paint. Unless you have a specific need for an ablative or hard paint this is often the best choice. It is also the safe option if a location has unknown conditions. Some people refer to these as slow polishing paints. Hard Anti-Fouling When a vessel gets to a certain size you no longer want the expense of dry dock or haul out. This is where hard coatings shine. The most common base for these paints is epoxy or some other tough polymer. It releases biocide constantly by allowing the poison to migrate to the surface of the paint and leaches fewer toxins away in the process. This is durable stuff and it does not come off in harsh conditions. In fact it must be removed mechanically by blasting or sanding. Because of the pollution potential of the runoff or dust from these processes produce toxic wastes that have significant costs of disposal. The cost of these paints is generally higher due to specialized application processes. For a smooth finish these paints should be sprayed while the others can be applied by roller and brush. Since this is a low maintenance solution most large commercial vessels use this type of paint. The Biocides Biocides are the toxic element in the paint which deters life from attaching to the hull. There are several types and sometimes combinations in the same product. Cuprous Oxide – This is the most common biocide by far. It is also the target of environmental regulators because it is building up in harbors. This is not necessarily because the bottom paint is leaching too much copper. The problem is thought to be caused by the power washing, scrubbing and sanding done on thousands of recreational vessels.Almost all of this runoff has a short trip from the bottom of the boat to the water it was almost never collected in the past. New regulations are now requiring marinas to collect this waste and dispose of it properly. This will increase the overall cost of maintenance and some services may no longer be available. Cuprous Thiocyanate – Similar in behavior to cuprous oxide but stronger biocides make it useful for high foul areas or low use vessels. Composite Copper – This is still copper but in a better package. The copper is encapsulated in another material that makes it less likely to leach beyond the needed rate. Silica is currently being used as a matrix but this is a rapidly advancing technology. Pyrithione Zinc – One of the best copper alternatives. Alternatives to copper are increasing as bans become inevitable. This biocide is not generally recommended for high fouling areas like the tropics. Non-Metalic Biocides – These are fairly new to the market and are composed of organic molecules most likely modeled from compounds found on a living creature. Anti-Foulings of the Future The future is super slippery and we have been promised something that is more of a thin film than paint. The first of these products have come to market and are best for low-fouling areas. They hold a lot of promise since they have no biocide and may last for the life of the vessel when fully developed. Imagine the days when a coating goes on at the shipyard and never needs replacement and at the same time improves efficiency. Until then somebody go get the scraper. Nanoparticles also hold some promise for the future of low friction coatings of all types.